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Australia ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) on October 27, 2004. In 2002, a team of researchers from Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States launched the flagship ITC Four Country (4C) Survey. Ten survey waves of ITC 4C Survey have been conducted among a cohort of adult smokers aged 18 and older in Australia. In 2006, the ITC Project monitored the reactions and support for the new smoke-free laws in Scotland (launched along with ITC Ireland (IE) Survey). Two waves were conducted in Scotland among a cohort of adult smokers and non-smokers aged 18 and older. In 2016, the team expanded the cigarette smoking 4C survey into the ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping (4CV3) Survey, to investigate the relationship between nicotine vaping products (NVPs) and/or heated tobacco products (HTPs) and cigarette use, and to inform emerging policies related to NVPs and/or HTPs. Three survey waves of the 4CV Survey have been conducted among adult smokers, recent former smokers, vapers, and HTP users in Australia, Canada, England, and the United States. These four countries have similar cigarette-smoking rates, but divergent policies on vaping product/HTP use.

Survey Overview

Survey Mode: Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) and/or Web Interview
Wave Survey Dates Survey Sample Size
4C1 - AU October 30 to December 30, 2002 2,305 Smokers
4C2 - AU May 16 to September 28, 2003 2,134 (1,981 Smokers and 153 Quitters)
4C3 - AU June 3 to December 27, 2004 2,103 (1,859 Smokers and 244 Quitters)
4C4 - AU October 10, 2005 to January 31, 2006 2,029 (1,716 Smokers and 313 Quitters)
4C5 - AU October 11, 2006 to February 17, 2007 2,168 (1,823 Smokers and 345 Quitters)
4C6 - AU September 21, 2007 to February 12, 2008 2,170 (1,805 Smokers and 365 Quitters)
4C7 - AU October 25, 2008 to July 28, 2009 1,774 (1,376 Smokers and 398 Quitters)
4C8 - AU July 13, 2010 to June 24, 2011 1,513 (1,121 Smokers and 392 Quitters)
4C8.5 - AU September 26, 2011 to February 13, 2012 1,507 (1,104 Smokers and 403 Quitters) Note: This was an Australia-only interim wave.
4C9 - AU February 7 to May 31, 2013 1,492 (1,093 Smokers and 399 Quitters)
4C10 - AU August 27 to December 30, 2014 1,476 (1,090 Smokers and 386 Quitters)
Survey Mode: Web Interview
Wave Survey Dates Survey Sample Size
4CV1 - AU July 25 to November 30, 2016 2,085 (991 Smokers, 115 Quitters, 531 Nicotine Vaping Product Users, and 448 Dual Smoking-Nicotine Vaping Product Users)
4CV2 - AU February 23 to July 9, 2018 2,156 (921 Smokers, 184 Quitters, and 660 Nicotine Vaping Product Users, and 400 Dual Smoking-Nicotine Vaping Product Users)
4CV3 - AU February 24, to May 15, 2020 1,815 (1,023 Smokers, 172 Quitters, 396 Nicotine Vaping Product Users, 224 Dual Smoking-Nicotine Vaping/Heated Tobacco Product Users)

AU Timeline-1

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Partner Institutions

CancerCouncilVictoria
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UMelbourne